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Research Areas


FSEC will deliver state-of-the-art scientific assessments on the economics of the transition to healthy, inclusive and sustainable food systems.


The Commission will address the following questions:

How do food systems perform today on health, environment, inclusion and resilience? What are the real costs of today’s food and land use systems?

What does a sustainable, healthy, inclusive and resilient food system look like? What makes a food system resilient to shocks, such as global pandemics and other disruptions?

What transition pathways exist towards a new food and land use economy globally and in different contexts? Depending on different pathways, how would the costs and benefits of a transition be distributed?

What does a transition mean for the use of policy instruments, international trade and the diffusion of technology?

How can we finance those transition pathways?

By coupling global modelling of different pathways with case studies on pathways from countries that span the economic spectrum, the Commission aims to provide both a global narrative deeply rooted in innovative modelling approaches, and policy recommendations which are broadly tailored to country characteristics.


Model-based scenarios at the global scale as well as for selected countries along the socio-economic development spectrum will deliver multiple quantitative indicators related to most of the Sustainable Development Goals. The effects of reaching specific goals related to environment, health, and inclusion can be separated in the models, and specific trade-offs will be addressed